Indonesian Society Against Counterfeiting Socialises IPR Regulations

In order to actively participate in the intellectual property rights (HKI) protection campaign, the Indonesian Anti Counterfeiting Society (MIAP) together with Pelita Harapan University (UPH) held a socialisation activity on regulations related to IPR protection at an iftar event with the media and MIAP stakeholders in Jakarta ,Thursday, 7 June 2018.

The head of MIAP, Justisiari P. Kusumah explained that this socialisation activity was also a follow-up to the cooperation agreement signed by MIAP and UPH.

In this year’s iftar occasion, MIAP and UPH together provided support related to the socialisation of Government Regulation no. 20 of 2017 and Minister of Finance Regulation (PMK) No. 40/PMK.04/2018 issued by the Directorate of Customs and Excise, Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Indonesia.

The target audience for this activity are MIAP members, brand owners and the media as partners who play a very important role in helping to disseminate this regulation. Law office may also attend to improve their knowledge about intellectual property.

Government Regulation Number 20 of 2017 regulates the Control of Imports or Exports of Goods Suspected to Be or Derived from the Results of Intellectual Property Rights Violations.

While the Regulation of the Minister of Finance of the Republic of Indonesia No. 40/PMK.04/2018 contains recording, confirmation, guarantee, temporary suspension, monitoring and evaluation in the context of controlling the import or export of goods suspected of being or originating from the results of violations of intellectual property rights.

also read : Indonesian Anti-Counterfeiting Society Held a Virtual Seminar

Apa saja pertimbangan dalam memutuskan perkara perdata tentang pelanggaran hak cipta?

Tindakan perdata tidak selalu lebih disukai karena prosedur perintah sementara dianggap tidak praktis dan tidak terlalu efektif bila pelanggar menggunakan sistem kerangka perusahaan untuk melindungi tanggung jawab pribadinya. Sebaliknya, pengaduan pidana mungkin merupakan metode yang lebih efektif dalam menghentikan pelanggaran.

Namun, tindakan perdata mungkin masih berguna untuk menetapkan preseden yudisial sehubungan dengan merek dagang yang tidak konvensional seperti merek penempatan, atau merek tiga dimensi di mana polisi mungkin tidak terbiasa dalam menentukan pelanggaran.

Kerusakan yang diberikan harus didasarkan pada kerugian aktual yang didapat salah satu pihak. Mungkin ada unsur hukuman dalam pemberian ganti rugi (kerugian non-materi), tetapi ini tidak pasti. Ada juga masalah dalam pelaksanaan putusan karena debitur penilaian mungkin sudah mengambil langkah-langkah pembuktian sendiri.

Selanjutnya, biaya litigasi tidak dapat dipulihkan. Dengan demikian, jumlah investasi dalam litigasi perdata mungkin tidak selalu sepadan dengan hasilnya. Oleh karena itu, penyelidikan diperlukan untuk memastikan bahwa kompensasi finansial dapat diperoleh kembali.

Litigasi perdata mungkin juga diperlukan untuk tujuan strategis untuk menetapkan preseden yudisial guna mendukung penegakan hukum di pasar yang lebih luas.

Apa saja yang perlu diperhatikan dalam penerapan sanksi pidana tentang pelanggaran hak cipta?

Sanksi pidana diprakarsai oleh pengaduan polisi. Ini mengarah pada penyelidikan kriminal dan kemungkinan penyitaan barang-barang yang melanggar dengan alasan mengamankan bukti untuk tujuan penuntutan selanjutnya.

Namun, penyidikan polisi bisa jadi tidak jelas dan tidak selalu pasti kapan penyidikan bisa dilanjutkan ke razia. Polisi dapat mengeluarkan permintaan yang tidak konsisten seperti persyaratan lebih lanjut tentang otentikasi produk atau verifikasi pada rantai wewenang untuk surat kuasa.

Polisi Indonesia adalah organisasi profesional dengan kerangka waktu yang ditetapkan pada manajemen tonggak kasus file, dan tugas untuk memberi tahu pelapor tentang kemajuannya. Tidak menutup kemungkinan juga sumber daya kepolisian tersalurkan pada kasus-kasus yang memiliki kepentingan publik lebih besar.
Keuntungan umum dari tindakan sipil adalah bahwa pelanggar umumnya menghindari polisi. Ini menawarkan pengaruh pada pelanggar untuk menyelesaikan persyaratan yang menguntungkan bagi pemilik merek. Oleh karena itu, pengajuan pengaduan polisi dapat menawarkan beberapa pengaruh jika eskalasi dari surat penghentian dan penghentian menjadi diperlukan. Bukti cek merek dagang juga bisa menjadi salah satu bukti kuat untuk menjerat pelanggar ke sanksi pidana.

Baca juga : Penegakan Perlindungan Terhadap Hak Merek Di Indonesia

Kesesuaian Penggunaan Merek di Indonesia

Di Indonesia, merek harus “digunakan” dengan cara yang sesuai dengan format, warna, font, desain, dan barang/jasa dalam sertifikat pendaftaran merek. Jika merek dagang digunakan dengan cara yang tidak sesuai dengan sertifikat pendaftaran mereknya, maka pendaftaran merek tersebut terancam dibatalkan dengan alasan “tidak sesuai”, bahkan jika pemilik trademark Indonesia memiliki alasan yang sah untuk tidak menggunakan mereknya dengan cara yang sesuai dengan sertifikat pendaftaran merek (walaupun ada pengecualian tertentu).

Karena konsekuensinya berpotensi menjadi malapetaka bagi pemilik merek yang pendaftaran mereknya dibatalkan dengan alasan tidak digunakan, dalam artikel ini, kami akan membahas kesesuaian penggunaan merek di Indonesia dan perubahan yang akan datang pada Undang-Undang Merek di negara tersebut.

Dasar Hukum dan Definisi

Undang-undang Merek Indonesia yang berlaku saat ini memberikan kewenangan kepada Direktorat Jenderal Kantor Hak Kekayaan Intelektual untuk membatalkan pendaftaran merek baik atas inisiatif sendiri, atas permintaan pemilik merek, atau sebagai akibat dari pengajuan pihak ketiga dalam bentuk gugatan di Pengadilan Niaga.

Merek dagang terdaftar dapat dibatalkan dengan alasan berikut:

  •     karena tidak sesuai dengan persyaratan yang diperlukan;
  •     digunakan untuk barang atau jasa yang berbeda dengan yang diberikan pendaftarannya; atau
  •     jika penggunaan merek tidak sesuai dengan merek terdaftar.

“Sesuai” juga berarti bahwa penggunaan merek yang sebenarnya harus untuk barang atau jasa yang tercantum dalam sertifikat pendaftaran. Jika penggunaan sebenarnya dari merek tersebut untuk barang atau jasa yang berbeda, pendaftaran merek untuk semua atau sebagian dari barang atau jasa yang diterapkan dapat dibatalkan.

Mengingat hal ini, di Indonesia, disarankan untuk menggunakan merek dengan gaya, format, warna, dll. yang persis sama dalam sertifikat pendaftaran merek. Dan saat mengajukan aplikasi merek dagang, pemohon harus mengajukannya dengan cara yang sama persis seperti yang direncanakan untuk menggunakan merek dagang di pasar.

Baca juga : Sistem Satu Pintu Pengumpulan Royalti Musik di Indonesia

The Shocking Case of Plagiarism in Indonesia-Part 2

1. Ade Juhana (January 2010)

The lecturer at the State Islamic University of Sunan Gunung Djati completed his doctoral thesis by hijacking the thesis of Prof. Dr. H.M.A. Tihami, MA, Chancellor of the Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin State Islamic Institute, Banten, and Mohamad Hudaeri M.A., lecturer and Head of the Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Institute for Research, Banten. Unfortunately, this is only a reader’s letter report at

Kompas daily, so the continuation of the case was not heard. 

2. Anak Agung Banyu Perwita (February 2010)

Anak Agung Banyu Perwita, a professor at the Parahyangan Catholic University, was accused of plagiarizing an article published in the national daily, The Jakarta Post. The daily assessed that Banyu’s writing had plagiarized a scientific journal in Australia written by Carl Ungerer. The University Senate meeting which lasted six hours finally decided to remove the entire professorship in the field of international relations at Parahyangan University. Banyu Perwita chose to resign.

3. Heri Ahmad Sukria (July 2010)

Bogor Agricultural University lecturer, Heri Ahmad Sukria, summoned by Jasmal A. Syamsu from Hasanuddin University, South Sulawesi. The subpoena was issued regarding the alleged plagiarism of a book entitled Sources and Availability of Feed Raw Materials in Indonesia. The book was published by IPB Press with the authors Heri Ahmad and Rantan Krisnan. According to the Professor, there are writings and data taken from his articles.

4. Siti Fadilah Supari (2004)

The Minister of Health was once accused of plagiarism. At that time Fadilah presented a seminar entitled Cholesterol-Lowering Effect of Soluble Fiber as an adjunct to Low Calories Indonesian Diet in Patients with Hypercholesterolemia at the Harapan Kita National Heart Center, Jakarta, October 29, 2002. What he presented was similar to James W. Anderson’s work entitled Long-term Cholesterol Lowering Effect of Psyllium as An Adjunct to Diet Therapy in The Treatment of Hypercholesterolemia, published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition volume 71 in 2000.

“I know, how come, the limits of plagiarism,” said the Minister, argued. Plagiarism, according to Fadilah, occurs when the paper in question is published in a magazine or scientific journal. “This is not it. I only presented it in front of a number of doctors and the general public.
If you have any intellectual property, it is best to register your invention to WIPO Indonesia to prevent cases like this.

Baca juga : The Shocking Case of Plagiarism in Indonesia-Part 1

The Shocking Case of Plagiarism in Indonesia-Part 1

1. Chairil Anwar (1949)

The poet Chairil Anwar was once accused of plagiarizing written works. Unmitigated, who accused Hans Bague Jassin through his writings in the Indonesian pulpit entitled Original Works, Adaptations, and Plagiarism of discussing Kerawang-Bekasi poetry. The literary critic who also holds the title of Pope of Indonesian Literature compared Chairil’s poem with The Dead Young Soldiers by Archibald MacLeish, an American poet. Thats is why,  copyrighted things should be added to WIPO Indonesia

Jassin did not blame Chairil. According to him, even though they are similar, there is still a feeling of Chairil in them. Meanwhile, MacLeish’s poem, according to Jassin, is only a catalyst for creation. However, Chairil’s response could be different, especially since Jassin said that Chairil’s actions imitated MacLeish’s poem because he needed money to pay for medical treatment. Their tension had peaked at an event at the Jakarta Arts Building. Chairil and Jassin had a fight.

2. Yahya Muhaimin (1992)

Ismet Fanany, an education expert from Batusangkar, West Sumatra, who lives in the United States, has published a book about plagiarism. The book published by CV Haji Masagung Jakarta is entitled Plagiarism. It contains Yahya Muhaimin’s plagiarism. Yahya’s dissertation was accused of plagiarizing the writings of several experts. The Politics of Client Businessmen, Yahya’s dissertation defended at MIT Cambridge, United States, 1982, compared with Capitalism and The Bureaucratic State in Indonesia: 1965-1975, the original title of Robison’s thesis at the University of Sydney 1977.

According to Ismet, the resemblance is only one source. There are many more similarities with other articles. Yahya himself explained to Tempo, “Perhaps he is using a different standard of plagiarism from what I adhere to.” He admitted that his dissertation cites many facts and opinions of a number of experts who are indeed called Fanany. “But I listed the source,” said Yahya. On Fanany’s accusation, Yahya didn’t think of attacking back.

3. Amir Santoso (1979)

He was accused of hijacking scientific papers from various circles, even from among his own students. Amir also annexed the intellectual works of other experts. What Amir Santoso did was in order to achieve the title of professor (professor of the University of Indonesia).

4. I Made Kartawan (December 2008)

A lecturer at the Indonesian Art Institute Denpasar, I Made Kartawan, was accused of plagiarizing. Kartawan’s thesis in 2003 entitled The Diversity of the Barrels of Gong Kebyar in Bali is exactly the same as the research report entitled Tuning Systems of Gambelan Gong Kebyar, the result of research by Prof. Bandem, Prof. Rai, Andrew Toth, and Nengah Suarditha, which was conducted in 1999 from Udayana University.

Why Do Copyright Infringement Still Happen?

If you look for reasons why infringement of the ownership of someone’s work can occur, there are many reasons. Especially the development of the internet world that is so fast today. Even before the digital era, these violations were also common. That is why law firm jakarta is needed.

Some examples of copyright infringement, such as piracy of songs, movies, or books, make the perpetrators profit from their sales. Even unconsciously many people are helping this.

For example, by downloading songs on unofficial sites, buying pirated books, or buying pirated DVDs. Cheaper prices and easy to find are the reasons many people become regular consumers of these pirated products.

Most are also not aware of the existence of laws governing piracy. Whereas the length of imprisonment for people who intentionally violate copyright is starting from 5 years.

However, the lucrative profits sometimes make many people turn a blind eye and keep on piracy. Likewise, consumers who do not understand and only know to buy at low prices.

KLASIFIKASI INDUSTRI STANDAR INDONESIA DAN DAFTAR INVESTASI NEGATIF

KLASIFIKASI INDUSTRI STANDAR INDONESIA

Klasifikasi Baku Lapangan Usaha Indonesia (KBLI) adalah salah satu klasifikasi standar yang diterbitkan oleh Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) untuk kegiatan ekonomi. Sejalan dengan perkembangan kegiatan ekonomi yang semakin beragam dan mendetail, KBLI perlu ditingkatkan. Pada tahun 2015, BPS merealisasikan kode KBLI melalui diskusi dengan satuan kerja dan instansi terkait, serta mengintensifkan sosialisasi KBLI di lingkup internal dan eksternal BPS.

KBLI 2015 merupakan penyempurnaan dari KBLI 2009 Cetakan III, sehingga KBLI 2015 masih mengacu pada International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Rev. 4 yang diterbitkan oleh United Nations of Statistical Division (UNSD) pada tahun 2008 sampai dengan level 4 digit. Pada level 5 digit, KBLI 2015 disesuaikan dengan kondisi kegiatan ekonomi di Indonesia.

DAFTAR INVESTASI NEGATIF

Dalam upaya meningkatkan penanaman modal di Indonesia dan untuk melaksanakan Masyarakat Ekonomi ASEAN (MEA), Pemerintah Indonesia telah melakukan perubahan terhadap ketentuan daftar bidang usaha yang tertutup dan terbuka dengan persyaratan tertentu di bidang penanaman modal (Daftar Negatif Investasi/DNI). ).

Perubahan tersebut tertuang dalam Peraturan Presiden (Perpres) Nomor 44 Tahun 2016 tentang Daftar Bidang Usaha yang Tertutup dan Bidang Usaha Yang Terbuka Dengan Persyaratan untuk Penanaman Modal, yang ditandatangani Presiden Joko Widodo pada 12 Mei 2016. Perpres baru tersebut dimaksudkan untuk menggantikan keputusan sebelumnya, Keputusan Presiden Nomor 39 Tahun 2014.

Baca juga : Mengenal KBLI 2020 dan Fungsinya

Persyaratan Dasar untuk Izin Tinggal Terbatas (KITAS)

Persyaratan Dokumen

Dari perusahaan sponsor

    Anggaran Dasar dan Akta Pendirian

    Izin Usaha Perusahaan

    Surat Domisili Perusahaan (tidak diperlukan lagi untuk wilayah Jakarta)

    Nomor Pajak Perusahaan

    Sertifikat BPJS (Jaminan Sosial) Perusahaan

    Struktur Organisasi Perusahaan

    Laporan Bank Perusahaan

Dari calon pegawai asing

    Fotokopi Paspor masa berlaku minimal 18 bulan (minimal 6 halaman kosong tersisa)

    Surat Referensi Kerja yang menunjukkan pekerjaan selama 5 tahun terakhir

    Melanjutkan

    Surat Kontrak dari perusahaan sponsor

    Polis Asuransi Kesehatan

    2 lembar pas foto (6 x 4 cm, satu dengan latar belakang merah dan satu dengan latar belakang putih)

    Sertifikat Gelar (min. Gelar Sarjana)

    Informasi Alamat di Indonesia

Langkah-langkah Mendaftarkan Izin Tinggal Terbatas (KITAS)

1 Persetujuan Rencana Pemanfaatan Tenaga Kerja Asing (RPTKA) yang memungkinkan perusahaan Anda menggunakan tenaga kerja asing

2 Dapatkan pemberitahuan dari Kementerian Tenaga Kerja yang memberi Anda izin kerja dan membayar Dana DPKK (USD 600 / tahun atau USD 1.200 / tahun tergantung pada periode izin yang diberikan).

3 Mengajukan Visa Tinggal Terbatas (VITAS atau Visa Telex) dan Izin Tinggal Terbatas (ITAS) ke Imigrasi

4 Ubah VITAS menjadi KITAS pada saat kedatangan Anda di Indonesia dengan beberapa izin keluar kembali (MERP)

5 Mendapatkan Surat Laporan Polisi (STM) dari kepolisian

6 Mendaftar ke dinas kependudukan kotamadya setempat untuk mendapatkan Surat Tanda Terdaftar Penduduk Sementara (SKPPS)

7 Penyampaian Laporan Remitansi Tenaga Kerja Asing ke Kementerian Tenaga Kerja

Baca juga : Persyaratan untuk KITAS di Indonesia

Online Piracy Spread in Indonesia, Now is the Time for a Change

Online piracy not only affects film companies, it also affects all private and small Indonesian businesses involved in the production and distribution of entertainment content. This is why, company consultant Indonesia is needed. 

The economic cost of piracy impacts the entire content industry. According to London-based Digital TV Research, online TV and film piracy cost the content industry an estimated US$31.8 billion in global revenue in 2019, and will reach US$51.6 billion by 2022. Economic losses are likely to have consequences. social media when the creative content industry is simultaneously taking a huge hit.

With piracy rampant, there is less revenue for the content industry to grow and create new content. As the Minister of Communication and Information Technology Johnny G Plate recently said: “Accessing pirated films will have a bad impact on Indonesia. In the long run, it hinders the creativity of our own nation’s children”.

Danger For Consumers

The financial harm that online piracy has caused Indonesia’s creative industries is undeniable. However, the losses that occur to consumers themselves are just beginning to be understood, where these losses are caused by the relationship between content piracy and malware. Accessing piracy websites like indoXXi is very risky for consumers.

Unfortunately, many users are not aware of the real risks of malware infection when accessing piracy sites. The types of malware embedded in ads or content files can include very dangerous malware such as ransomware or remote access trojans that allow hackers to activate and record from the device’s webcam without the victim knowing.

With 63% of Indonesian consumers accessing pirated streaming websites, there is an urgent need for the government to immediately stop the huge illegal income that goes into the pockets of criminal groups and also protect the Indonesian and international creative industries.

Currently, efforts to protect the creative industry are already underway, KOMINFO has blocked more than 1,000 piracy sites and illegal applications. However, much remains to be done, with relevant government departments and industry working together to take stronger law enforcement action against owners of illegal piracy websites such as the crime group indoXXi. There is a golden opportunity for Indonesia to be at the forefront of doing what is fair and proper, and to be a pioneer in the APAC Region.

Digital Consumption, Between Piracy and Paid Content

Piracy continues to haunt creators in Indonesia. Although digital technology is starting to develop, the battle with pirates continues today. Several platforms are starting to emerge with various solutions to overcome this. It doesn’t waste energy fighting piracy, but eases the mechanism so that creators can be rewarded more properly.  That is why law firm Indonesia is needed 

The settlement of piracy cases in Indonesia is like a tangled thread that has no end. The latest case that is busy talking is the case of closing illegal movie streaming sites. This incident divided the Internet community into two camps, those who regretted it and those who welcomed it positively. I am personally quite sure that illegal movie streaming sites are one of the reasons for the bloody survival of the video on demand (legal) platform in Indonesia.

The internet is developing in Indonesia together with the idea that everything in it is free, including photos, videos, images, text and more. There are still many people who think that everything that is put on the internet belongs to the public. In other words, it can be used by anyone and for anything.

Unfortunately, this wrong view is still believed by many people, even new internet users. This makes the task of educating about licensing and copyright even harder.

The main problem is the reluctance to pay for digital content. The barrier wall called the payment system has begun to come down thanks to the e-money platform and integration with many systems. The problem of “being lazy to go to the ATM to transfer” or “don’t have a credit card” is slowly disappearing.

Finally we return to the classic question “if anyone is free, why pay”. Even in digital content there is the hard work of the creator of the work who must stay alive and support his family.

Founder Karyakarsa Ario Tamat revealed that the tendency of people to pirate or are reluctant to pay for a work is due to a lack of understanding of the impact.

“In my opinion, there is no awareness about copyright, along with the perceived impact. For example, maybe most of us just lightly torrent a film series that is not available in Indonesia, because the impact is not visible for content creators. In fact, ‘Ah, Disney is already rich, it’s wrong to not release it in Indonesia’ for example, or ‘no daddy Taylor Swift has a lot of money’. The consequences for hijackers are not clear, ”explained Ario.
Paying for digital content actually works if the context in question is games. Mobile Legends, PUBG Mobile, and other popular mobile games have become the first experiences for many gamers to pay for their first items. The increasingly flexible form of Google Play payment makes game players not hesitate to exchange their money for diamonds or coins in the game. Furthermore ask law firm jakarta for more information.

Baca juga : Pembajakan Kekayaan Intelektual Merajalela di Indonesia