The Shocking Case of Plagiarism in Indonesia-Part 2

1. Ade Juhana (January 2010)

The lecturer at the State Islamic University of Sunan Gunung Djati completed his doctoral thesis by hijacking the thesis of Prof. Dr. H.M.A. Tihami, MA, Chancellor of the Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin State Islamic Institute, Banten, and Mohamad Hudaeri M.A., lecturer and Head of the Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Institute for Research, Banten. Unfortunately, this is only a reader’s letter report at

Kompas daily, so the continuation of the case was not heard. 

2. Anak Agung Banyu Perwita (February 2010)

Anak Agung Banyu Perwita, a professor at the Parahyangan Catholic University, was accused of plagiarizing an article published in the national daily, The Jakarta Post. The daily assessed that Banyu’s writing had plagiarized a scientific journal in Australia written by Carl Ungerer. The University Senate meeting which lasted six hours finally decided to remove the entire professorship in the field of international relations at Parahyangan University. Banyu Perwita chose to resign.

3. Heri Ahmad Sukria (July 2010)

Bogor Agricultural University lecturer, Heri Ahmad Sukria, summoned by Jasmal A. Syamsu from Hasanuddin University, South Sulawesi. The subpoena was issued regarding the alleged plagiarism of a book entitled Sources and Availability of Feed Raw Materials in Indonesia. The book was published by IPB Press with the authors Heri Ahmad and Rantan Krisnan. According to the Professor, there are writings and data taken from his articles.

4. Siti Fadilah Supari (2004)

The Minister of Health was once accused of plagiarism. At that time Fadilah presented a seminar entitled Cholesterol-Lowering Effect of Soluble Fiber as an adjunct to Low Calories Indonesian Diet in Patients with Hypercholesterolemia at the Harapan Kita National Heart Center, Jakarta, October 29, 2002. What he presented was similar to James W. Anderson’s work entitled Long-term Cholesterol Lowering Effect of Psyllium as An Adjunct to Diet Therapy in The Treatment of Hypercholesterolemia, published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition volume 71 in 2000.

“I know, how come, the limits of plagiarism,” said the Minister, argued. Plagiarism, according to Fadilah, occurs when the paper in question is published in a magazine or scientific journal. “This is not it. I only presented it in front of a number of doctors and the general public.
If you have any intellectual property, it is best to register your invention to WIPO Indonesia to prevent cases like this.

Baca juga : The Shocking Case of Plagiarism in Indonesia-Part 1

The Shocking Case of Plagiarism in Indonesia-Part 1

1. Chairil Anwar (1949)

The poet Chairil Anwar was once accused of plagiarizing written works. Unmitigated, who accused Hans Bague Jassin through his writings in the Indonesian pulpit entitled Original Works, Adaptations, and Plagiarism of discussing Kerawang-Bekasi poetry. The literary critic who also holds the title of Pope of Indonesian Literature compared Chairil’s poem with The Dead Young Soldiers by Archibald MacLeish, an American poet. Thats is why,  copyrighted things should be added to WIPO Indonesia

Jassin did not blame Chairil. According to him, even though they are similar, there is still a feeling of Chairil in them. Meanwhile, MacLeish’s poem, according to Jassin, is only a catalyst for creation. However, Chairil’s response could be different, especially since Jassin said that Chairil’s actions imitated MacLeish’s poem because he needed money to pay for medical treatment. Their tension had peaked at an event at the Jakarta Arts Building. Chairil and Jassin had a fight.

2. Yahya Muhaimin (1992)

Ismet Fanany, an education expert from Batusangkar, West Sumatra, who lives in the United States, has published a book about plagiarism. The book published by CV Haji Masagung Jakarta is entitled Plagiarism. It contains Yahya Muhaimin’s plagiarism. Yahya’s dissertation was accused of plagiarizing the writings of several experts. The Politics of Client Businessmen, Yahya’s dissertation defended at MIT Cambridge, United States, 1982, compared with Capitalism and The Bureaucratic State in Indonesia: 1965-1975, the original title of Robison’s thesis at the University of Sydney 1977.

According to Ismet, the resemblance is only one source. There are many more similarities with other articles. Yahya himself explained to Tempo, “Perhaps he is using a different standard of plagiarism from what I adhere to.” He admitted that his dissertation cites many facts and opinions of a number of experts who are indeed called Fanany. “But I listed the source,” said Yahya. On Fanany’s accusation, Yahya didn’t think of attacking back.

3. Amir Santoso (1979)

He was accused of hijacking scientific papers from various circles, even from among his own students. Amir also annexed the intellectual works of other experts. What Amir Santoso did was in order to achieve the title of professor (professor of the University of Indonesia).

4. I Made Kartawan (December 2008)

A lecturer at the Indonesian Art Institute Denpasar, I Made Kartawan, was accused of plagiarizing. Kartawan’s thesis in 2003 entitled The Diversity of the Barrels of Gong Kebyar in Bali is exactly the same as the research report entitled Tuning Systems of Gambelan Gong Kebyar, the result of research by Prof. Bandem, Prof. Rai, Andrew Toth, and Nengah Suarditha, which was conducted in 1999 from Udayana University.

Why Do Copyright Infringement Still Happen?

If you look for reasons why infringement of the ownership of someone’s work can occur, there are many reasons. Especially the development of the internet world that is so fast today. Even before the digital era, these violations were also common. That is why law firm jakarta is needed.

Some examples of copyright infringement, such as piracy of songs, movies, or books, make the perpetrators profit from their sales. Even unconsciously many people are helping this.

For example, by downloading songs on unofficial sites, buying pirated books, or buying pirated DVDs. Cheaper prices and easy to find are the reasons many people become regular consumers of these pirated products.

Most are also not aware of the existence of laws governing piracy. Whereas the length of imprisonment for people who intentionally violate copyright is starting from 5 years.

However, the lucrative profits sometimes make many people turn a blind eye and keep on piracy. Likewise, consumers who do not understand and only know to buy at low prices.



Klasifikasi Baku Lapangan Usaha Indonesia (KBLI) adalah salah satu klasifikasi standar yang diterbitkan oleh Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) untuk kegiatan ekonomi. Sejalan dengan perkembangan kegiatan ekonomi yang semakin beragam dan mendetail, KBLI perlu ditingkatkan. Pada tahun 2015, BPS merealisasikan kode KBLI melalui diskusi dengan satuan kerja dan instansi terkait, serta mengintensifkan sosialisasi KBLI di lingkup internal dan eksternal BPS.

KBLI 2015 merupakan penyempurnaan dari KBLI 2009 Cetakan III, sehingga KBLI 2015 masih mengacu pada International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Rev. 4 yang diterbitkan oleh United Nations of Statistical Division (UNSD) pada tahun 2008 sampai dengan level 4 digit. Pada level 5 digit, KBLI 2015 disesuaikan dengan kondisi kegiatan ekonomi di Indonesia.


Dalam upaya meningkatkan penanaman modal di Indonesia dan untuk melaksanakan Masyarakat Ekonomi ASEAN (MEA), Pemerintah Indonesia telah melakukan perubahan terhadap ketentuan daftar bidang usaha yang tertutup dan terbuka dengan persyaratan tertentu di bidang penanaman modal (Daftar Negatif Investasi/DNI). ).

Perubahan tersebut tertuang dalam Peraturan Presiden (Perpres) Nomor 44 Tahun 2016 tentang Daftar Bidang Usaha yang Tertutup dan Bidang Usaha Yang Terbuka Dengan Persyaratan untuk Penanaman Modal, yang ditandatangani Presiden Joko Widodo pada 12 Mei 2016. Perpres baru tersebut dimaksudkan untuk menggantikan keputusan sebelumnya, Keputusan Presiden Nomor 39 Tahun 2014.

Baca juga : Mengenal KBLI 2020 dan Fungsinya

Persyaratan Dasar untuk Izin Tinggal Terbatas (KITAS)

Persyaratan Dokumen

Dari perusahaan sponsor

    Anggaran Dasar dan Akta Pendirian

    Izin Usaha Perusahaan

    Surat Domisili Perusahaan (tidak diperlukan lagi untuk wilayah Jakarta)

    Nomor Pajak Perusahaan

    Sertifikat BPJS (Jaminan Sosial) Perusahaan

    Struktur Organisasi Perusahaan

    Laporan Bank Perusahaan

Dari calon pegawai asing

    Fotokopi Paspor masa berlaku minimal 18 bulan (minimal 6 halaman kosong tersisa)

    Surat Referensi Kerja yang menunjukkan pekerjaan selama 5 tahun terakhir


    Surat Kontrak dari perusahaan sponsor

    Polis Asuransi Kesehatan

    2 lembar pas foto (6 x 4 cm, satu dengan latar belakang merah dan satu dengan latar belakang putih)

    Sertifikat Gelar (min. Gelar Sarjana)

    Informasi Alamat di Indonesia

Langkah-langkah Mendaftarkan Izin Tinggal Terbatas (KITAS)

1 Persetujuan Rencana Pemanfaatan Tenaga Kerja Asing (RPTKA) yang memungkinkan perusahaan Anda menggunakan tenaga kerja asing

2 Dapatkan pemberitahuan dari Kementerian Tenaga Kerja yang memberi Anda izin kerja dan membayar Dana DPKK (USD 600 / tahun atau USD 1.200 / tahun tergantung pada periode izin yang diberikan).

3 Mengajukan Visa Tinggal Terbatas (VITAS atau Visa Telex) dan Izin Tinggal Terbatas (ITAS) ke Imigrasi

4 Ubah VITAS menjadi KITAS pada saat kedatangan Anda di Indonesia dengan beberapa izin keluar kembali (MERP)

5 Mendapatkan Surat Laporan Polisi (STM) dari kepolisian

6 Mendaftar ke dinas kependudukan kotamadya setempat untuk mendapatkan Surat Tanda Terdaftar Penduduk Sementara (SKPPS)

7 Penyampaian Laporan Remitansi Tenaga Kerja Asing ke Kementerian Tenaga Kerja

Baca juga : Persyaratan untuk KITAS di Indonesia

Online Piracy Spread in Indonesia, Now is the Time for a Change

Online piracy not only affects film companies, it also affects all private and small Indonesian businesses involved in the production and distribution of entertainment content. This is why, company consultant Indonesia is needed. 

The economic cost of piracy impacts the entire content industry. According to London-based Digital TV Research, online TV and film piracy cost the content industry an estimated US$31.8 billion in global revenue in 2019, and will reach US$51.6 billion by 2022. Economic losses are likely to have consequences. social media when the creative content industry is simultaneously taking a huge hit.

With piracy rampant, there is less revenue for the content industry to grow and create new content. As the Minister of Communication and Information Technology Johnny G Plate recently said: “Accessing pirated films will have a bad impact on Indonesia. In the long run, it hinders the creativity of our own nation’s children”.

Danger For Consumers

The financial harm that online piracy has caused Indonesia’s creative industries is undeniable. However, the losses that occur to consumers themselves are just beginning to be understood, where these losses are caused by the relationship between content piracy and malware. Accessing piracy websites like indoXXi is very risky for consumers.

Unfortunately, many users are not aware of the real risks of malware infection when accessing piracy sites. The types of malware embedded in ads or content files can include very dangerous malware such as ransomware or remote access trojans that allow hackers to activate and record from the device’s webcam without the victim knowing.

With 63% of Indonesian consumers accessing pirated streaming websites, there is an urgent need for the government to immediately stop the huge illegal income that goes into the pockets of criminal groups and also protect the Indonesian and international creative industries.

Currently, efforts to protect the creative industry are already underway, KOMINFO has blocked more than 1,000 piracy sites and illegal applications. However, much remains to be done, with relevant government departments and industry working together to take stronger law enforcement action against owners of illegal piracy websites such as the crime group indoXXi. There is a golden opportunity for Indonesia to be at the forefront of doing what is fair and proper, and to be a pioneer in the APAC Region.

Digital Consumption, Between Piracy and Paid Content

Piracy continues to haunt creators in Indonesia. Although digital technology is starting to develop, the battle with pirates continues today. Several platforms are starting to emerge with various solutions to overcome this. It doesn’t waste energy fighting piracy, but eases the mechanism so that creators can be rewarded more properly.  That is why law firm Indonesia is needed 

The settlement of piracy cases in Indonesia is like a tangled thread that has no end. The latest case that is busy talking is the case of closing illegal movie streaming sites. This incident divided the Internet community into two camps, those who regretted it and those who welcomed it positively. I am personally quite sure that illegal movie streaming sites are one of the reasons for the bloody survival of the video on demand (legal) platform in Indonesia.

The internet is developing in Indonesia together with the idea that everything in it is free, including photos, videos, images, text and more. There are still many people who think that everything that is put on the internet belongs to the public. In other words, it can be used by anyone and for anything.

Unfortunately, this wrong view is still believed by many people, even new internet users. This makes the task of educating about licensing and copyright even harder.

The main problem is the reluctance to pay for digital content. The barrier wall called the payment system has begun to come down thanks to the e-money platform and integration with many systems. The problem of “being lazy to go to the ATM to transfer” or “don’t have a credit card” is slowly disappearing.

Finally we return to the classic question “if anyone is free, why pay”. Even in digital content there is the hard work of the creator of the work who must stay alive and support his family.

Founder Karyakarsa Ario Tamat revealed that the tendency of people to pirate or are reluctant to pay for a work is due to a lack of understanding of the impact.

“In my opinion, there is no awareness about copyright, along with the perceived impact. For example, maybe most of us just lightly torrent a film series that is not available in Indonesia, because the impact is not visible for content creators. In fact, ‘Ah, Disney is already rich, it’s wrong to not release it in Indonesia’ for example, or ‘no daddy Taylor Swift has a lot of money’. The consequences for hijackers are not clear, ”explained Ario.
Paying for digital content actually works if the context in question is games. Mobile Legends, PUBG Mobile, and other popular mobile games have become the first experiences for many gamers to pay for their first items. The increasingly flexible form of Google Play payment makes game players not hesitate to exchange their money for diamonds or coins in the game. Furthermore ask law firm jakarta for more information.

Baca juga : Pembajakan Kekayaan Intelektual Merajalela di Indonesia

Pembajakan Kekayaan Intelektual Merajalela di Indonesia

Pembajakan hak kekayaan intelektual ditemukan di seluruh Asia Tenggara. Kunjungan singkat ke pasar jalanan Jakarta, Kuala Lumpur, Bangkok, Manila, atau Singapura akan meyakinkan siapa pun bahwa produk palsu, palsu, dan yang disebut produk serupa adalah bisnis besar. Di sebagian besar negara, masalahnya diketahui dan pihak berwenang berusaha menanganinya.

Akan tetapi, Indonesia tampaknya tertinggal dalam perang melawan pembajakan. Pelanggaran hak kekayaan intelektual marak terjadi di Indonesia. Orang tidak perlu pergi ke pasar sampah Jakarta seperti Glodok dan Mangga Dua dengan VCD tiruan ilegal, pakaian palsu, kosmetik palsu dan barang elektronik bajakan untuk menemukan buktinya. Bahkan mall-mall termewah pun menjual produk bajakan merk mahal seperti tas dan sepatu kulit.

Beberapa produsen barang palsu telah menjadi sangat canggih sehingga konsumen tidak dapat membedakan antara produk asli dan produk tiruan. Tetapi sebagian besar konsumen secara sadar membeli salinan ilegal karena perbedaan harga. Baik itu perangkat lunak, jam tangan, televisi, radio, atau bahkan mesin karaoke. Sulit bagi perusahaan untuk menghitung kerugian akibat pembajakan. Beberapa konsumen tidak dapat dianggap sebagai pembeli potensial dari produk asli yang dipatenkan karena mereka tidak akan pernah mencurahkan tenaga belanja yang sedikit untuk itu. Disinilah gunanya ip lawyer indonesia

Mereka hanya bisa membeli yang palsu karena harganya murah. Namun orang lain, mungkin telah membeli yang asli jika bukan karena ketersediaan barang palsu yang sangat mirip. Dalam beberapa kasus, reputasi pemegang hak kekayaan intelektual terpukul karena pembajak menjual barang palsu berkualitas rendah yang tidak dapat dibedakan dari aslinya.

Ambil contoh bisnis penjualan bola lampu. Philips, pabrikan Belanda, memproduksi bola lampu hemat energi tahan lama berkualitas tinggi yang mahal untuk pasar di seluruh dunia. Di Asia Tenggara, mereka dihadapkan pada perompak yang memproduksi bola lampu non-hemat energi berkualitas rendah yang terlihat persis sama dengan harga yang lebih murah.

Bola lampu tidak hanya memiliki merek yang sama, tetapi kemasannya juga identik. Bahkan hologram, yang seharusnya menjamin keaslian, ternyata ada. Bohlam palsu akan rusak dalam beberapa minggu, dan kemungkinan besar Philips akan disalahkan karena konsumen tidak pernah menyadari bahwa ia membeli yang palsu. Jadi pelanggan lain tersesat. Penting bagi konsumen untuk bertanya pada law firm indonesia agar tidak salah

Masalah Indonesia bukanlah kurangnya undang-undang. Faktanya beberapa tahun lalu undang-undang tentang hak kekayaan intelektual diperkuat. Lemahnya penegakan hukum inilah yang membuat Amerika Serikat menempatkan Indonesia pada daftar pantauan prioritas pelanggaran hak kekayaan intelektual tahun ini. Kementerian Kehakiman mendapat tekanan berat dari Washington dan Kedutaan Besar AS di Jakarta untuk memerangi pembajakan secara lebih efektif.

Jepang berusaha membantu Indonesia dengan memberikan dukungan teknis melalui Japan International Cooperation Agency. Hanya sedikit produsen yang berani membawa perkaranya ke pengadilan di Indonesia karena tidak ada cara untuk mengatakan seperti apa hasilnya di negara yang terkenal dengan korupsi yang merajalela ini. Bahkan dalam kasus pembajakan yang paling mencolok, hakim secara terbuka dibeli untuk membubarkan kasus ini.

Baca juga : Indonesia Music Copyright Law vs Copyright Infringement

Indonesia Music Copyright Law Vs Copyright Infringement

Indonesia is a democratic country, at least in its principle. Well, at least, the word “democracy” does not come with quotation marks again, as happened during the New Order. Now, democracy will either sound or discuss everything, or appoint a representative to do all the voices and discuss, and thus decide anything that will be applied into law, which must be followed and maintained by the executive branch (just to remind you, this means that the President and his administration). Now, what does this have to do with the digital music business? law, that’s what.

Being essentially a content-based business, the music industry is strongly influenced by the copyright laws – how the government sees the problem of copyright infringement and how to think it is implemented. And a million things that regulatory requirements in the country, copyright law recently most in Indonesia was signed into law in 2002, under President Megawati Sukarnoputri. Though according to some still lacking in some areas, legislation upgraded to add some much needed legal protection for cinematographic works for a computer program, like the previous version of the copyright law was signed into law in 1979.

One of the clauses of the most interesting of the law, at least in the context of the music industry, stating that “unless agreed in advance by the Creator, technology control methods to protect the rights of the Creator must not be damaged, removed or rendered dysfunctional”. The next clause goes on to explain that creation using high technology, such as optical discs, must follow all government regulations and requirements of the relevant authorities. There is also a clause protection for music producers (read: music labels) and broadcasters (read: a television station), in addition to the creator / composer. This clause is also a major upgrade from the previous version of the law.

This is where democracy comes in: every upgrade to the existing law – or even the creation of new ones – it really depends on what the issue House of Representatives (DPR) has the most urgent need for regulation. Whatever the Parliament deems important based on their own personal beliefs, each direction of their political affiliation, and direct feedback from the community. This is where the lobby usually come – to make sure certain issues and interests are properly represented in parliament and therefore the right benefited from revised legislation.

Thus, during the preparation of the Copyright Act 2002, lobbyists from the record companies, television stations and production companies CD / DVD (along with the content owner) to make sure that they have proper protection in the revised law. And notes that, under the Copyright Act 2002, “Phonogram Producers have the exclusive right to give permission or prohibit other parties without authorization duplicate and / or hire works sound recording or audio recording”.

Therefore, in this case, music piracy is a crime – and the 1979 Copyright Act does not have the clear words like this. So, music piracy is a crime by the law, but also because the Parliament and the recording companies are defined as such. But remember, these legal considerations also took a covenant from the World Intellectual Property Organization into account, as they also ratified the 2002 law.

So here’s the takeaway: Indonesia copyright laws make it illegal to upload music files that unauthorized file sharing networks, and it is also illegal for avoiding DRM to access and / or duplicate music content. It also makes it illegal for websites to distribute content that is unlawful, because it is considered a file unauthorized duplication. The unfortunate thing about the law in Indonesia, is the enforcement (or lack thereof) – only the recent actions the government has taken against illegal file-sharing sites, even then after much lobbying by the industry.

Thus, the law is clear about piracy, whether or not it is a relevant issue in the development of content consumption. So the question is, should it become a problem or an opportunity?

Baca juga : The Rise Of Copyright Infringement in Indonesia

A Case of “Trademark Squatter” in Indonesia

A driving Italian design organization is occupied with the retail dress and attire business. The Italian organization’s tasks are broad, and it has various stores all through the Southeast Asian locale. The Italian organization possesses a few enlisted exchange denotes that ensure its brands, including the trademark ‘AAA’, which is enrolled in numerous nations around the world. Indonesia is among these nations, where the imprint is enrolled under the products and enterprises classification in Classes 18, 25, and 35.

trademark indonesia under Class 25 was made in 2008. Given the correct enlistment, the Italian organization was sure that no indistinguishable or misleadingly confounding comparable imprints would be permitted to be enrolled in similar classifications of products or potentially services.

It appears, nonetheless, that the trademark inspector in Indonesia has less stringent assessment criteria when looking at similitudes between applied-for marks and earlier enlisted imprints. An imprint indistinguishable from ‘AAA’ concerning the classification of merchandise in Class 25 was applied for by a nearby individual in Indonesia in 2010. This was then distributed in the Trademark Gazette to consider any restriction by outsiders around then, inside the cutoff time to oppose.

Fortunately, the Italian organization was utilizing a ‘Watch Service,’ which cautions and cautions organizations with enrolled exchange checks about conceivable indistinguishable or confusingly comparable imprints being distributed in the Trademark Indonesia around the world. The Italian organization, in this way, was made mindful of the production in the Trademark Gazette by the exchange mark squatter well before the cutoff time to contradict had expired.

The exchange mark inspector in control educated the Italian organization that the distributed exchange mark application secured the merchandise of, in addition to other things, ‘sarong and other Muslim clothing’, which are an alternate sort of apparel from the Italian organization’s enrolled products—despite the fact that the application was to be enlisted in Class 25 too. Along these lines, the exchange mark analyst had endorsed the enrollment, regardless of the way that the general appearance and vocal part of the imprints were both indistinguishable from the Italian organization’s earlier enlisted marks.

Hence, the Italian organization’s direction prompted that a restriction ought to be documented inside the cutoff time to keep the distributed application from arriving at the enlistment stage.

In request to record an effective restriction, the Italian organization needed to demonstrate the following:

  1. The applied-for imprint was indistinguishable or confusingly like their own earlier enrolled imprint, and the utilization of such an imprint—even with the order ‘Sarong and other Muslim clothing’— would cause disarray among general customers with regards to the starting point of the goods.
  2. The candidate didn’t have any rights or genuine interests in the applied-for mark. The candidate petitioned for enlistment of the applied-for mark in ‘dishonesty’, trying to ride on the notoriety of the Italian organization’s earlier enrolled mark.
  3. Fortunately, in light of the fact that the imprint ‘AAA’ had been enlisted in various nations worldwide by the Italian organization, the exchange mark analyst was persuaded that the Italian organization had a superior right to the imprint ‘AAA.’ thus, the trademark indonesia squatter’s application was recorded in dishonesty, and the distributed application was dismissed for enrollment. The candidate didn’t request the case, which carried it to a close.
  • Register your exchange mark any potential future markets in Southeast Asia, to cover satisfactory classes of merchandise and enterprises of your exisiting and future item lines.
  • The trademark inspector’s assessment criteria changes in every nation and is emotional. In this way, it is judicious to lead an overall watch administration for your trademark, so as to remain educated regarding any potential trademark squatters in every ward. Restricting a distributed application is unmistakably more cost-and time-viable than case dependent on a nullification of an enrolled exchange mark (even one dependent on dishonesty). The case to nullify the enlisted imprint every now and again should be brought to a court, and can cost roughly EUR 5,000–30,000, contingent upon the unpredictability of the case.
  • Trademark proprietors ought to be always exceptional on the proof of utilization in every nation, either through licensees or neighborhood merchants, with the goal that such proof can be effectively accumulated when needed.
  • With the up and coming coordination of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC), it is profoundly suggested that an enrollment is looked for in all part conditions of ASEAN, because of a free progression of merchandise and ventures in the area.

Baca juga : The Importance of trademark registration in Indonesia